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BioFuels:  Biodiesel - Coal Gasification - Ethanol
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Overview of  Methanol
Last Updated:  06/25/2015 06:30:19 AM

What is Methanol?

Methyl alcohol, or wood alcohol, CH 3 OH, a colorless, flammable liquid that is miscible with water in all proportions. Methanol is a monohydric alcohol . It melts at -97.8C and boils at 67C. It reacts with certain acids to form methyl esters. Methanol is a fatal poison. Small internal doses, continued inhalation of the vapor, or prolonged exposure of the skin to the liquid may cause blindness. As a result, commercial use of methanol has sometimes been prohibited. Methanol is used as a solvent for varnishes and lacquers, as an antifreeze, and as a gasoline extender in the production of gasohol.

Large amounts of it are used in the synthesis of formaldehyde . Because of its poisonous properties, methanol is also used as a denaturant for ethanol. Methanol is often called wood alcohol because it was once produced chiefly as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of wood. It is now produced synthetically by the direct combination of hydrogen and carbon monoxide gases, heated under pressure in the presence of a catalyst.

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Links to Methanol Resources

CALSTART:  CALSTART is dedicated to expanding the global advanced transportation industry and its related markets. CALSTART assists organizations involved in planning, developing, testing, and implementing advanced transportation and mobility programs, and advises fleet managers and other organizations interested in clean fuel vehicles.
Clean Cities Program:  DOE's Clean Cities Program supports public-private partnerships that deploy AFVs and build supporting alternative fuel infrastructure.
Methane Production:  detailed discussion by someone who's done it (that is, produced methane gas from manure and chopped plant matter. Can be a substitute for natural gas or propane (http://www.jrwhipple.com/sr/nf_methane.html).
Methanol Institute:  AMI works with auto manufacturers and government agencies to accelerate the introduction of FCVs powered by methanol. AMI helps inform elected officials and the public about the energy security, greenhouse gas reduction, and other environmental benefits of methanol fuel cell technology.

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